Nuclear Power Plant Isar, Germany

Spent nuclear fuel pool

Turbine of a nuclear plant

Tag: isotope

Isotopes, what are they?

Isotopes, what are they?

Isotopes are atoms whose nuclei have the same number of protons but different numbers of neutrons. Not all atoms of the same element are identical and each of these varieties corresponds to a different isotope.

Each isotope of the same element have the same atomic number (Z) but each has a different mass number (A). The atomic number is the number of protons in the atomic nucleus of the atom. The mass number is the sum of neutrons and protons of the core. This means that different isotopes of the same atom differ from each other only by the number of neutrons.

The items that can…

Plutonium - nuclear fuel

Plutonium - nuclear fuel

Plutonium is a chemical element with symbol Pu and atomic number 94 which belongs to the actinide series of elements. Plutonium has 16 isotopes, all radioactive. The element is a silvery metal and has 5 different crystal structures.

Chemically plutonium is a very active material. You can form compounds with all nonmetals except the noble gases. The metal dissolves in acidic and reacts with water, but only moderately in comparison with the acid.

While you can find traces in nature, all isotopes of plutonium are of artificial origin.

Radioactivity plutonium

The more…

Nuclear energy and the environment

Nuclear energy and the environment

Populritat Although nuclear energy is very low there are applications of nuclear energy for works for the environment.

What is the relationship between nuclear energy and the environment?

To reduce pollution in the environment, we need to know where and how much to find these pollutants, the causes of contaminacióny the right solution to prevent it from spreading.

The main source of pollution is found in human activities contributing largely to the increase in pollutants, growth poblacióny industrial technological developments.

At present, the biggest…

Nuclear fusion

Nuclear fusion

Nuclear fusion is a nuclear reaction through which two light nuclei of atoms, usually hydrogen and its isotopes (deuterium and tritium), are combined forming a heavier nucleus. This binding is usually accompanied by the emission of particles (in case of deuterium nuclei one neutron is emitted). This nuclear fusion reaction releases or absorbs a lot of energy in the form of gamma rays and kinetic energy of the emitted particles.This large amount of energy transforms matter to a plasma state.

The nuclear fusion reactions can emit or absorb…

What is a proton? Definition

What is a proton? Definition

A proton is a subatomic particle with a positive electric charge that lies within the atomic nucleus of atoms. The number of protons in the atomic nucleus is that which determines the atomic number of an element, as indicated in the periodic table of the elements.

The proton has +1 charge (or, alternatively, 1,602 x 10-19 coulombs), exactly the opposite of the charge -1 containing the electron. In mass, however, there is no competition because the mass of the proton is approximately 1,836 times greater than that of an electron.

The proton is classified as a baryon,…

Radionuclides

In nuclear medicine, a particular radionuclide is administered to the patient, in order to investigate a specific physiological phenomenon by a special detector, generally a gamma camera, outside the body. The injected radionuclide is selectively deposited in certain organs (thyroid, kidney, etc.) can be seen from the gamma camera the size, shape and function of these bodies. Most of these procedures are diagnostic, although some radionuclides are administered for therapeutic purposes.

Useful radionuclides in nuclear medicine are as follows:

  • Diagnosis "in life" emitting:…

Nuclear power plant of Embalse, Argentina

The Embalse nuclear power plant is a central power generation, located near the city of Embalse, province of Cordoba in Argentina.

In addition to power generation has other applications in nuclear medicine because thanks to their recharge nuclear fuel during operation, is also used to generate isotopes for medical applications, such as cobalt 60

From the point of view of the capacity of power generation, nuclear power plant reservoir has a capacity of 648 MWe gross power.

The operator is Nucleoeléctrica Argentina S.A. since 1994.

Chronology of the construction…

Radioactivity definition

Radioactivity definition

Radioactivity defined as the spontaneous emission of particles (alpha, beta, neutron) or radiation (gamma, K capture), or both at the same time, from the decay of certain nuclides that these particles are, due to an adjustment of their internal structure.

Radioactivity can be natural or artificial. In natural radioactivity, the substance already has radioactivity in the natural state. In artificial radioactivity, the radioactivity has been induced by irradiation.

A radionuclide is all the radioactive cores of the same kind. All radioactive cores forming a radionuclide…

Nuclear fuel definition

Nuclear fuel definition

The nuclear fuel is the material that has been adapted for use in nuclear power generation.

When it comes to nuclear fuel we can be talking about the same item or set that is made ready it can be used for containing the material itself, but also other elements.

The most widely used process involving the nuclear fission fuel.

There are different types of nuclear fuel, but the most common fuel is consisting of fissile elements such as uranium, generating chain reactions in nuclear reactors. The most common isotope in the fission is uranium-235.

Production processes…