Nuclear power in India
Nuclear power in India is currently in a state of growth with strong nuclear development plans. By 2020, India has set a target to supply 14,600 MW to the grid through the use of nuclear energy. Subsequently, in 2050, India wants 25% of electricity is produced by nuclear energy.
India is a founding member of the global nuclear watchdog, the International Atomic Energy Agency in Vienna.
Plans to boost nuclear power in India, is entrusted with foreign technology and foreign fuel. All Indian nuclear plants have a high content of native nuclear engineering.
However, a fundamental incompatibility between the tort law of India and international conventions limits the provision of foreign technology.
India has prospects of becoming a world leader in nuclear technology, due to its experience in fast reactors and thorium fuel cycle.
Currently, India has 20 operating nuclear power plants owned by the government of India to generate about 4780 MW of energy and also handles about half a dozen research reactors. The Indian Prime Minister, Manmohan Singh, known flattering of nuclear energy, buzzed the future of their own government in 2008 to support the civil nuclear agreement between India and the United States, resulting in the reinstatement of India to global nuclear trade . India now wants to increase its nuclear capacity to 63,000 MW by 2032 with the import of reactors from France, Russia and the United States.
The nuclear energy program in India is mainly based on local technology and, at present, the Department of Atomic Energy produces its own Pressurized Heavy Water Reactor 700MW, while a smaller reactor of 22 MW is offered for export to countries seeking access to nuclear technology.
India does not possess great wealth of uranium, and if all resources were used, a 10,000 MW nuclear program could be sustained for only 40 years. But on the other hand, being rich Indian lands in Torio, it has been implemented in the country a path of development of nuclear energy only globally called the great nuclear plan in three phases.
The idea is to install small reactors using natural uranium for power generation, waste arising from them can be used as fuel in so-called "fast breeder reactors" and finally a completely new type of reactor, the Advanced Heavy Water Reactor, a plant feeding on the abundant reserves of thorium, which would generate enough energy to power India for 250 years, achieving the feat india energy independence.
India was excluded from trade in nuclear plants and nuclear materials for 34 years since the explosion of a nuclear device in 1974, which resulted oppressive in 1998 after India proved Pokharan nuclear weapons in the deserts of Rajasthan. The sanctions were formally void in 2008, when the NSG (Nuclear Suppliers Group) and the International Atomic Energy Agency, amended its rules to incorporate India nuclear trade club although India has not signed the Treaty Nuclear Nonproliferation (NPT) or Limitation Treaty Tests (CTBT). The impeccable non-proliferation record the country was praised and made an exception for India could satisfy their desire to provide clean carbon-free energy to its vast population of 1.2 billion people.
At present, India is ready to import 40,000 MW of installed capacity in nuclear reactors, of which 20,000 could come from two US suppliers, General Electric and Westinghouse, some 10,000 Russian and 10,000 remnant could be supplied by the French. Negotiations are at an advanced stage and are aimed efforts to find appropriate solutions to meet the requirements of nuclear liability regime focused on people recently enacted by the Parliament of India solutions.
If all goes as planned, the only park in the world's largest nuclear energy could be in Jaitapur, a coastal area south of Mumbai where AREVA, the French nuclear giant is preparing to install 9900MW nuclear reactors.
India is one of the few countries within a limited group, which has capacity from start to finish of: extracting uranium, enrich, use in nuclear power plants and then also reprocess waste so that every drop of energy to be harnessed the scarce resource of uranium. Since the country believes the plutonium, the so-called "dirty product of long life" of nuclear programs, is also a rich source of energy, very simply being designed to harness energy modern full nuclear reactors. The only player Prototype Reactor 500 MW is at an advanced stage of armed in Kalpakkam, south of Chennai, a plant that will generate more fuel than it consumes.
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Last review: November 12, 2014