The term nuclear energy is often used to refer to the electrical energy generated by nuclear power plants.
There are basically two techniques for harnessing nuclear energy.
- Nuclear fision. Nuclear fission consists of splitting the nucleus of an atom (usually of uranium or plutonium due to its instability).
- Nuclear fusion. Nuclear fusion consists in uniting the nucleus of two atoms.
Nuclear power plants are the installations responsible for obtaining electrical energy from nuclear reactions. These facilities contain, among many other elements, a nuclear reactor where nuclear reactions will be generated. Nuclear reactions generate heat energy that is used to drive turbines and generate electricity from the turbines.
Nuclear energy content
This website is a general information site on nuclear energy. The contents are focused on schematically explaining what nuclear energy is and how a nuclear power plant works.
To understand it better, it is important to understand how an atom is formed. An atom is the smallest part that an element can be found. The atom is formed by a nucleus (composed in turn of neutrons and protons) and a cortex (electrons).
We do not intend to enter into technical complexity calculations, sizing or any other engineering work.
Advantages and disadvantages of nuclear energy
In spite of the high security measures throughout the history of nuclear energy, there have been certain incidents and nuclear accidents. We will analyze how nuclear accidents are classified using the INES scale, and review the causes and consequences of the most important accidents in history ( Chernobyl, Fukushima ...).