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Spent nuclear fuel pool

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On Nuclear Energy sitemap we explain the most important elements related to nuclear energy. The intention of its authors is to give general information about everything that surrounds this technology and a review of the related physics aspects. If you haven't found what you were looking for on the web, here is a list of all the pages we have published.

  • What Is Nuclear Energy

    Nuclear energy is the energy that holds the nucleus of an atom together. It can be obtained through fission and fusion reactions of the nucleus of an atom.

    • Radioactivity

      Radioactivity is a phenomenon in which certain substances spontaneously transform into different atoms losing energy.

      • Ionizing Radiation

        Ionizing radiation is made up of photons or particles that, when interacting with matter, produce ions, whether they do so directly or indirectly.

      • Radiation Unit: Sievert

        Sievert is a measure of the effect on health of the low levels of ionizing radiation in the human body.

      • Radionuclide

        A radioactive nuclide radionuclides or radionuclide is an unstable nuclide and thus degenerates emitting ionizing radiation.

      • Alpha Particle

        An alpha particle is a positively charged particle emitted by various radioactive materials during decomposition. It consists of two neutrons and two protons.

      • Beta Particle

        A beta (β) particle is an electron that is fired from a radioactive event. If an atom emits a beta particle, its electric charge increases by a positive unit the atomic mass does not vary.

      • Gamma Rays

        Gamma radiation is a form of electromagnetic radiation, the most energetic of the electromagnetic spectrum. It is the shortest wavelength photons.

      • Electromagnetic Radiation

        Electromagnetic radiation is the radiation of energy in the electromagnetic field. A type of electromagnetic radiation is gamma rays generated by radioactive materials.

    • Atom

      The atom is a smaller structure of matter. It is made up of neutrons, protons in the nucleus, and electrons in the crust.

      • Structure of the Atom

        The atom is composed of a nucleus and one or more electrons linked to the nucleus. The atomic nucleus is formed by neutrons and protons linked together by nuclear bonds.

        • Atomic Nucleus

          The atomic nucleus is the small central part of the atom, with a positive electric charge and in which most of the mass of the atom is concentrated.

        • Neutron

          A neutron is a subatomic particle contained in the atomic nucleus. It has no net electric charge, as opposed to positive electric charge of the proton.

        • Proton

          A proton is a positively charged particle found inside the atomic nucleus. The number of protons that make up an atom is the atomic number.

        • Electron

          What is an electron. What relationship does it have with atoms? Importance that it has in the electric current. Story about how it was discovered. Basic physical properties of the electron.

      • Atomic Number

        The atomic number is the number of protons (positive charges) in the nucleus of an atom. It is expressed by the letter Z.

      • Atomic Mass

        Atomic mass is the mass of an atom. The unit of measure of the SI is one kilogram; In fact, a unit outside the system, an atomic mass unit, is generally used.

      • Mass Number

        The mass number of a nuclide is the sum of the number of protons and the number of neutrons in the atomic nucleus.

      • Isotope

        Isotopes are the different configurations of the same one atom. Characteristics of unstable isotopes and their use.

      • Ions: Anions and Cations

        An ion is an atom or molecule that does not have a neutral electric charge. When an atom produces or acquires one or more electrons, it is transformed into an ion.

      • Atomic Models

        Atomic models are scientific theories about the nature of matter. According to the atomic theory, matter is made up of atoms.

    • Nuclear Fission

      Nuclear fission is a method of obtaining energy through a nuclear reaction that is based on the partition of the nucleus of an atom. Uranium or plutonium is generally used.

    • Nuclear Fusion

      Nuclear fusion reaction is the combination of two nuclei of light atoms. This nuclear fusion reaction releases or absorbs a lot of energy and allows matter to enter in a plasma state.

      • Requirements for Nuclear Fusion

        Atoms of a nuclear fusion reaction must overcome an important barrier barrier of electrostatic forces. If two nuclei can get close enough, the repulsion can be overcome by the quantum effect.

      • ITER Project

        The ITER nuclear fusion reactor is a scientific experiment aimed at testing the feasibility of nuclear fusion as a source of energy.

    • Pros and Cons of Nuclear Energy

      The advantages and disadvantages of nuclear energy. We analyze the ecological, technical, economic and safety aspects.

      • Advantages of Nuclear Energy

        Know the main advantages of the use of nuclear energy. We analyze the benefits of this energy source by comparing it with that of fossil fuels and renewable energies.

      • Disadvantages of Nuclear Energy

        Main disadvantages of the use of nuclear energy. Despite the wide use that is given to nuclear energy in both electricity generation and other applications, there are certain disadvantages that should be considered.

    • History of Nuclear Energy

      History of nuclear energy. From the discovery of the atom to the first nuclear power reactors.

      • Discovery of Radioactivity

        The discoverer of radioactivity was Becquerel by chance. His work together with that of the Curies allowed to discover artificial radioactivity.

        • Antoine-henri Becquerel

          Antoine-Henri Becquerel, was the discoverer of natural radioactivity and the three types of a, β and γ radiation. Born in Paris, he was a Nobel Prize in physics in 1903.

      • Manhattan Project

        The Manhattan Project was a project to develop the atomic bomb in the United States during World War II.

        • Albert Einstein

          Albert Einstein was a German physicist, author of the theory of relativity. He played a fundamental role in the investigation of nuclear energy especially during World War II.

      • Nuclear Power After World War II

        After the Second World War, a debate about the future of nuclear energy and the control of atomic weapons begins. This was the beginning of the nuclear non-proliferation treaty.

      • Nuclear Non-proliferation Treaty

        The Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty is an international treaty on nuclear weapons based on three principles: disarmament, non-proliferation and peaceful use of nuclear energy.

    • Nuclear Waste

      Radioactive waste is defined as any material derived from the peaceful use of nuclear energy that contains radioactive isotopes for which reuse is not expected.

      • Management of Nuclear Waste

        The management of nuclear waste is the set of activities that lead to its reuse, disappearance or neutralization and evacuation to suitable places, ensuring long-term safety.

      • Transport of Radioactive Substances

        The transport of radioactive substances generated by the different applications of nuclear energy is carried out according to the recommendations established by the International Atomic Energy Agency

      • Nuclear Waste Storage

        The storage of nuclear waste of low and medium activity is based on the interposition of natural and artificial barriers with the environment.

  • How Does a Nuclear Power Plant Work

    Operation of a nuclear power plant. How electricity is generated from nuclear energy. Basic diagram of the most common type of plant in the world.

    • What Is a Nuclear Power Plant?

      A nuclear power plant is a facility for obtaining electrical energy using nuclear energy. The nuclear reactor is responsible for generating fission chain reactions.

      • Steam Turbine

        A steam turbine is a device that transforms the thermal energy of steam into mechanical energy.

      • Electric Generator

        An electric generator is a machine capable of transforming some type of energy, which can be chemical, mechanical or light, into electricity.

    • Nuclear Reactor

      A nuclear reactor is an installation capable of initiating, controlling and maintaining nuclear reactions. It can have different uses, for example, the production of electricity.

      • Types of Nuclear Reactors

        Nuclear reactors can be classified depending on their operation but also according to their purpose or other technical characteristics.

        • Pressurized Water Reactors

          Pressurized water nuclear reactors (PWR) is a type of reactor most popular in the world. Main characteristics of operation.

        • Boiling Water Reactor

          The boiling water reactor is a type of nuclear reactor that does not have a steam generator. It is the second most used type in the world.

        • Gas Cooled Reactor

          A gas-cooled or GCR reactor was a nuclear reactor that used graphite as a neutron moderator and carbon anhydride as a coolant.

      • Control Rods

        Control rods allow you to control the power of a nuclear reactor by increasing or reducing the number of nuclear reactions.

      • Coolant

        A coolant in a nuclear reactor is a liquid or gaseous substance that passes through the reactor core and removes heat from the nuclear fission reaction.

      • Neutron Moderator

        Neutron moderator is an element to slow dwon the neutrons in a nuclear fission reaction chain.

    • Nuclear Fuel

      The nuclear fuel is the material used for the generation of nuclear energy. The main nuclear fuels are uranium, plutonium, deuterium and tritium.

      • Uranium

        Physical aspects that convert uranium is the most used nuclear fuel in nuclear fission reactions.

        • Enriched Uranium

          Enriched uranium is uranium that has gone through a technological process to increase the proportion of the uranium-235 isotope. As a result, natural uranium is divided into enriched uranium and depleted uranium.

        • Natural Uranium

          Natural uranium refers to uranium resources in nature and is the basis for obtaining nuclear fuel. Origin of this resource. Differences with enriched uranium.

      • Plutonium

        Plutonium is a radioactive chemical element generated artificially in nuclear reactors that can be used both as nuclear fuel.

      • Tritium

        Tritium is a radioactive isotope of hydrogen. Used as nuclear fuel for energy production by nuclear fusion.

  • Nuclear Accidents

    What are nuclear accidents? Main nuclear accidents in history. Classification of the different types of nuclear disasters.

    • Chernobyl, USSR

      The Chernobyl nuclear accident is the most serious accident in history. Analysis of the causes and consequences of the tragedy.

      • Consequences of the Accident

        The Chernobyl nuclear accident caused a host of health, environmental, technical and political related consequences.

      • Cernobyl Today

        After mor then 30 years of the disaster, what is the aspect of Chernobyl today? Current radiation, images to ha abandoned buildings and confinement tasks.

        • Solar Power Plant in Chernobyl

          30 years after the Chernobyl nuclear disaster, the plant becomes the largest solar plant in the world. The solar installation is capable of supplying electricity for 2000 homes.

    • Fukushima, Japan

      The nuclear accident of Fukushima, Japan. It was the second most serious nuclear accident after the Chernobyl accident. It was the result of an earthquake and then of a tsunami.

    • Kyshtym Disaster

      The Kyshtym disaster (Mayak, Russia), occurs in the attempt to develop the atomic bomb. It is the third most serious behind those of Chernobyl and Fukushima.

    • Three Mile Island, United States

      The nuclear accident at the Three Mile nuclear Islandan (Pennsylvania) and occurred after the commissioning of Unit 2 (TMI-2). The March 28, 1979.

    • Chalk River, Canada

      The Chalk River laboratories of Canada suffered two serious nuclear accidents in their research reactor during the years 1952-1958.

      • Chalk River Laboratories

        Chalk River Laboratories is a Canadian facility dedicated to the investigation of nuclear reactions located in Ontario, Canada.

    • Saint-laurent-des-eaux, France

      The nuclear power plant in Saint-Laurent-des-Eaux (France) suffered two level 4 nuclear accidents on the INES scale in 1969 and 1980.

    • Goiania, Brazil

      Radioactive contamination in Goiania (Brazil) was a case of radioactive infection. The result of the Goiania nuclear disaster was the rapid death of four people and the chronic radiation sickness of several people.

    • Tokaimura, Japan

      Nuclear accident at the Tokaimura nuclear fuel treatment plant (Japan). We analyze the causes and consequences of the nuclear accident that occurred in Japan in 1999.

    • INES Scale

      The INES scale is a tool used worldwide to systematically inform the public about the importance of nuclear and radiological events from the point of view of safety.

  • Uses of Nuclear Technology

    The main use of nuclear energy is the production of electricity. However nuclear power is also used in many other sectors.

    • Nuclear Weapons

      Nuclear weapons are weapons using nuclear technology. List of countries having nuclear weapons, treaties and types of weapons.

      • Atomic Bomb

        The atomic bomb is a weapon of mass destruction. Its operation is based on a process of dividing the nucleus of uranium atoms releasing large amounts of energy.

      • Nautilus Nuclear Submarine

        The Nautilus is the world's first nuclear submarine. It was the first submarine to reach the North Pole, in 1958. In 1980 it became a Museum.

    • Applications in the Industry

      The use of nuclear energy in modern industry in developed countries is very important for process improvement, for measurement and automation, and for quality control.

    • Nuclear Medicine

      Nuclear medicine is used in most hospitals using radiochemical laboratory methods for diagnosis and investigation of a wide variety of diseases.

      • Radionuclides

        In nuclear medicine, a certain radionuclide is administered to the patient, with the aim of investigating a specific physiological phenomenon.

      • Radiotherapy

        Radiation therapy is a specialty of nuclear medicine that uses ionizing radiation to treat malignant tumors. The treatments can be performed by tele therapy and brachytherapy.

        • Teletherapy

          Teletherapy, teleradiotherapie or long-distance irradiation, including external percutaneous irradiation, is the most common form of radiotherapy in nuclear medicine.

      • Radiology

        Radiology is a medical specialty that tries to assist in the diagnosis and prognosis of health and disease states through the use of production technologies and image analysis.

    • Environmental Uses

      Within the nuclear isotope techniques exist that allow work to improve the environment in problems like the greenhouse effect, water pollution, control of insects and other pests.

  • Energy

    Energy is the ability of a physical system to produce work. There are different types of energy such as nuclear, kinetic or electric.

    • Types of Energy

      Description of the main types of nuclear energy. Classification by its nature and by its origin. Renewable and non-renewable energies.

    • Thermal Energy

      Thermal energy is the result of the movement of particles called molecules and atoms. It can be transmitted by radiation, conduction, and convection in form of heat.

    • Atomic Energy

      Atomic energy is the energy that holds together neutrons and protons in the nuclei of atoms. Operation of an atomic power station.

    • Kinetic Energy

      Kinetic energy is the energy contained in a body due to being in motion. Kinetic energy can be lineal or rotational.

    • Mechanical Energy

      The mechanical energy of a body is the sum of its energies, kinetic and potential. It is related to the movement of bodies and mechanical forces.

    • Potential Energy

      Potential energy is the energy that an object possesses due to its position in a force field or that a system has due to the configuration of its parts

      • Types of Potential Energy

        The potential energy of a body can manifest itself in different ways. We describe the types of potential energy with examples.

    • Chemical Energy

      Chemical energy is the energy that comes from the chemical change of a substance through a chemical reaction or from being transformed into other chemical substances.

    • Electric Energy

      Electric energy is the difference in potential between two points. Electric energy is of vital importance, among others, it allows the transport of electricity.

    • Electricity Generation

      Learn how electricity is generated. Differences between the different forms of electricity generation. Nuclear energy, thermal power plants and renewable energies.

      • Power Stations

        Power plants are facilities to transform some type of energy into electricity. Types of plants and operation.

      • Renewable Energy

        Renewables use a considered inexhaustible energy source or easily regenerable. Major: solar, wind, hydro, tidal, and geothermal biomassa.

      • Nonrenewable Energy

        Non-renewable energies are energies generated from non-renewable resources; mainly fossil fuels, nuclear fuels and biofuels.

      • Watt

        Watt is the international standard power unit. It is the unit that measures the energy conversion rate (joules) divided by seconds. The watt symbol is represented by the letter W.

  • Situation in the World

    Situation of nuclear energy in the world. Currently, 11% of the world's energy is generated through nuclear energy. The US and France lead the list of the world's largest producers.

  • Blog

    Blog about nuclear energy. Find here interesting articles, opinions and studies that help you better understand the world of nuclear energy.

    • Webmasters: Monetize with Ezoic

      If you have a blog, there are alternatives to monetize your visits. Find out how Ezoic can help you make your ad network more profitable.

    • What Is a Chemical Element?

      A chemical element is a collection of atoms with the same charge of atomic nuclei. The atomic nucleus consists of protons and neutrons.

    • What Advantages Does Nuclear Power Plants Have?

      Discover the many advantages offered by nuclear power plants to generate electricity from an environmental point of view and from an economic point of view.

    • Energy Conservation Law

      The conservation law states that, although energy can be transformed and converted from one form to another, the total amount of it in an isolated system does not change over time.

    • Molecule

      Molecule definition What types of molecule exist. Formation of macromolecules. Characteristics and existing molecular models.

    • What Is Thermodynamics?

      Thermodynamics is the branch of classical physics that studies thermodynamic transformations induced by heat and work in a system.

    • How Was Radioactivity Discovered?

      Radioactivity was discovered by Becquerel almost occasionally when conducting research on fluorescence. Becquerel discovered that uranium spontaneously emitted mysterious radiation.

    • How Are Nuclear Accidents Classified?

      Learn how nuclear accidents are classified. What types of nuclear disaster can occur and what criteria are followed to define the severity of these events.

    • Nuclear Power in the Spanish Electricity Network

      During the year 2019, among the seven Spanish nuclear reactors they produced 55,843 GWh, which reaches almost 22% of the total electricity produced in Spain.

    • The Future of Nuclear Fusion Points Towards Sustainability

      Can we have cheaper light with nuclear energy? Here we explain everything you need to know about it!

    • Nuclear Energy and Sustainability

      Nuclear energy is today a source of electrical production that does not produce greenhouse gases and also allows electricity rates to be cheap.

    • Cybersecurity in Nuclear Plants

      A hypothetical computer attack on a nuclear power plant could be possible, but very complicated and unlikely. The administrative and management computer systems in a nuclear power plant are physically separated from those in charge of operations.

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