On Nuclear Energy sitemap we explain the most important elements related to nuclear energy. The intention of its authors is to give general information about everything that surrounds this technology and a review of the related physics aspects. If you haven't found what you were looking for on the web, here is a list of all the pages we have published.
Web Map - List of All the Articles on the Web Page
- What Is Nuclear Energy
Nuclear energy is the energy that holds the nucleus of an atom together. It can be obtained through fission and fusion reactions of the nucleus of an atom.
The atom is a smaller structure of matter. It is made up of neutrons, protons in the nucleus, and electrons in the crust.
- Structure of the Atom
The atom is composed of a nucleus and one or more electrons linked to the nucleus. The atomic nucleus is formed by neutrons and protons linked together by nuclear bonds.
- Atomic Nucleus
The atomic nucleus is the small central part of the atom, with a positive electric charge and in which most of the mass of the atom is concentrated.
A neutron is a subatomic particle contained in the atomic nucleus. It has no net electric charge, as opposed to positive electric charge of the proton.
A proton is a positively charged particle found inside the atomic nucleus. The number of protons that make up an atom is the atomic number.
What is an electron. What relationship does it have with atoms? Importance that it has in the electric current. Story about how it was discovered. Basic physical properties of the electron.
Atomic models are scientific theories about the nature of matter. According to the atomic theory, matter is made up of atoms.
An atomic model is the definition of the structure of an atom. Throughout history these models have evolved to the current model.
- Atomic Model of Democritus
The atomic model of Democritus was the first model of philosophical atomism to try to explain the constitution of materials.
Dalton's atomic model is the first scientific atomic theory. His theory was the basis of current atomic theory.
Description of Thomson atomic model. Basis and drawbacks of this atomic theory. What was new about Dalton's and what were its limitations?
The Nagaoka atomic model was proposed by the Japanese physicist denying Thomson's previous model. Ruthenford used it to develop his atomic model.
Rutherford's atomic model is an atomic theory formulated in 1911 by Ernest Rutherford that replaced the atomic model proposed by Thomson.
In Bohr's atomic model, electrons rotate in circular orbits around the nucleus, occupying the lowest possible energy orbit, or the closest possible orbit to the nucleus.
Isotopes are atoms of the same element but with different numbers of netrons. Examples to know what they are for.
An ion is an atom or molecule that does not have a neutral electric charge. When an atom produces or acquires one or more electrons, it is transformed into an ion.
The atomic number is the number of protons (positive charges) in the nucleus of an atom. It is expressed by the letter Z.
Atomic mass is the mass of an atom. The unit of measure of the SI is one kilogram; In fact, a unit outside the system, an atomic mass unit, is generally used.
The mass number of a nuclide is the sum of the number of protons and the number of neutrons in the atomic nucleus.
Nuclear fission is a method of obtaining energy through a nuclear reaction that is based on the partition of the nucleus of an atom. Uranium or plutonium is generally used.
Nuclear fusion reaction is the combination of two nuclei of light atoms. This nuclear fusion reaction releases or absorbs a lot of energy and allows matter to enter in a plasma state.
- Requirements for Nuclear Fusion
Atoms of a nuclear fusion reaction must overcome an important barrier barrier of electrostatic forces. If two nuclei can get close enough, the repulsion can be overcome by the quantum effect.
The ITER nuclear fusion reactor is a scientific experiment aimed at testing the feasibility of nuclear fusion as a source of energy.
Radioactivity is a phenomenon in which certain substances spontaneously transform into different atoms losing energy.
- Ionizing Radiation
Ionizing radiation is made up of photons or particles that, when interacting with matter, produce ions, whether they do so directly or indirectly.
Sievert is a measure of the effect on health of the low levels of ionizing radiation in the human body.
A radionuclide is an unstable nuclide and, therefore, degenerates by emitting ionizing radiation. Types and uses of radioisotopes.
An alpha particle is a positively charged particle emitted by various radioactive materials during decomposition. It consists of two neutrons and two protons.
A beta (β) particle is an electron that is fired from a radioactive event. If an atom emits a beta particle, its electric charge increases by a positive unit the atomic mass does not vary.
Gamma radiation is a form of electromagnetic radiation, the most energetic of the electromagnetic spectrum. It is the shortest wavelength photons.
Electromagnetic radiation is the radiation of energy in the electromagnetic field. A type of electromagnetic radiation is gamma rays generated by radioactive materials.
Plasma is a state of matter similar to the gaseous state but in which a certain proportion of its particles are electrically charged.
We analyze the advantages and disadvantages of nuclear energy. We analyze the ecological, technical, economic, and safety aspects.
- Advantages of Nuclear Energy
Know the main advantages of the use of nuclear energy. We analyze the benefits of this energy source by comparing it with that of fossil fuels and renewable energies.
The use of nuclear energy has significant drawbacks to take into account in aspects such as safety, waste and energy dependence.
History of nuclear energy. From the discovery of the atom to the first nuclear power reactors.
- Discovery of Radioactivity
The discoverer of radioactivity was Becquerel by chance. His work together with that of the Curies allowed to discover artificial radioactivity.
- Antoine-henri Becquerel
Antoine-Henri Becquerel, was the discoverer of natural radioactivity and the three types of a, β and γ radiation. Born in Paris, he was a Nobel Prize in physics in 1903.
The Manhattan Project was a project to develop the atomic bomb in the United States during World War II.
- Albert Einstein
Albert Einstein was a German physicist, author of the theory of relativity. He played a fundamental role in the investigation of nuclear energy especially during World War II.
After the Second World War, a debate about the future of nuclear energy and the control of atomic weapons begins. This was the beginning of the nuclear non-proliferation treaty.
The Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty is an international treaty on nuclear weapons based on three principles: disarmament, non-proliferation and peaceful use of nuclear energy.
Radioactive waste is defined as any material derived from the peaceful use of nuclear energy that contains radioactive isotopes for which reuse is not expected.
- Nuclear Waste Management
The management of nuclear waste is the set of activities that lead to its reuse, disappearance or neutralization and evacuation to suitable places, ensuring long-term safety.
The transport of radioactive waste must be carried out with an exhaustive control to avoid the dangers of a possible nuclear accident during the process.
Discover how the storage of low, medium and high level nuclear waste is managed.
Operation of a nuclear power plant. How electricity is generated from nuclear energy. Basic diagram of the most common type of plant in the world.
- What Is a Nuclear Power Plant?
A nuclear power plant is a facility for obtaining electrical energy using nuclear energy. The nuclear reactor is responsible for generating fission chain reactions.
- Steam Turbine
A steam turbine is a device that transforms the thermal energy of steam into mechanical energy.
An electric generator is a machine capable of transforming some type of energy, which can be chemical, mechanical or light, into electricity.
A nuclear reactor is an installation capable of initiating, controlling and maintaining nuclear reactions. It can have different uses, for example, the production of electricity.
- Types of Nuclear Reactors
Nuclear reactors can be classified depending on their operation but also according to their purpose or other technical characteristics.
- Pressurized Water Reactors
Pressurized water nuclear reactors (PWR) is a type of reactor most popular in the world. Main characteristics of operation.
The boiling water reactor is the second most widely used nuclear reactor in the world. Discover how it works and its main characteristics.
A gas-cooled reactor (GCR) is a nuclear reactor that uses graphite as a neutron moderator and carbon anhydride as a coolant.
Nuclear reactor control rods allow controlling the power of a nuclear reactor by increasing or reducing the number of nuclear reactions.
A coolant in a nuclear reactor is a liquid or gaseous substance that passes through the reactor core and removes heat from the nuclear fission reaction.
Neutron moderator is an element to slow dwon the neutrons in a nuclear fission reaction chain.
Nuclear fuel is the material used for the generation of nuclear energy. What is the nuclear fuel cycle?
Physical aspects that convert uranium is the most used nuclear fuel in nuclear fission reactions.
- Enriched Uranium
Enriched uranium is uranium that has gone through a technological process to increase the proportion of the uranium-235 isotope. As a result, natural uranium is divided into enriched uranium and depleted uranium.
Natural uranium refers to uranium resources in nature and is the basis for obtaining nuclear fuel. Origin of this resource. Differences with enriched uranium.
Plutonium is a radioactive chemical element generated artificially in nuclear reactors that can be used both as nuclear fuel.
Tritium is a radioactive isotope of hydrogen. Used as nuclear fuel for energy production by nuclear fusion.
What are nuclear accidents? Main nuclear accidents in history. Classification of the different types of nuclear disasters.
- Chernobyl, USSR
The Chernobyl nuclear accident is the most serious accident in history. Analysis of the causes and consequences of the tragedy.
- Consequences of the Accident
The Chernobyl nuclear accident caused a host of health, environmental, technical and political related consequences.
The Chernobyl nuclear accident was the worst nuclear disaster. The radiation released reached unthinkable levels polluted several countries around it.
After mor then 30 years of the disaster, what is the aspect of Chernobyl today? Current radiation, images to ha abandoned buildings and confinement tasks.
- Solar Power Plant in Chernobyl
30 years after the Chernobyl nuclear disaster, the plant becomes the largest solar plant in the world. The solar installation is capable of supplying electricity for 2000 homes.
The nuclear accident of Fukushima, Japan. It was the second most serious nuclear accident after the Chernobyl accident. It was the result of an earthquake and then of a tsunami.
The Kyshtym disaster (Mayak, Russia), occurs in the attempt to develop the atomic bomb. It is the third most serious behind those of Chernobyl and Fukushima.
The nuclear accident at the Three Mile nuclear Islandan (Pennsylvania) and occurred after the commissioning of Unit 2 (TMI-2). The March 28, 1979.
The Chalk River laboratories of Canada suffered two serious nuclear accidents in their research reactor during the years 1952-1958.
- Chalk River Laboratories
Chalk River Laboratories is a Canadian facility dedicated to the investigation of nuclear reactions located in Ontario, Canada.
The nuclear power plant in Saint-Laurent-des-Eaux (France) suffered two level 4 nuclear accidents on the INES scale in 1969 and 1980.
Radioactive contamination in Goiania (Brazil) was a case of radioactive infection. The result of the Goiania nuclear disaster was the rapid death of four people and the chronic radiation sickness of several people.
The nuclear accident at the Tokaimura nuclear fuel treatment plant (Japan). We analyze the causes and consequences of the nuclear disaster that occurred in Japan in 1999.
- Causes and Consequences
In 1999 Japan suffered a significant nuclear accident in Tokai-mura (Ibaraki). What caused the accident? Which consequences did it have?
Hisashi Ouchi is the person who has received the highest dose of radioactivity in the world as a result of the Tokaimura nuclear accident.
Kramatorsk radiological accident was due to a radioactive exposure of residents of one of the prefabricated buildings in Kramatorsk, Ukrania.
The INES scale is a tool used worldwide to systematically inform the public about the importance of nuclear and radiological events from the point of view of safety.
The main use of nuclear energy is the production of electricity. However nuclear power is also used in many other sectors.
- Nuclear Weapons
Nuclear weapons are weapons using nuclear technology. List of countries having nuclear weapons, treaties and types of weapons.
- Atomic Bomb
The atomic bomb is a weapon of mass destruction. Its operation is based on a process of dividing the nucleus of uranium atoms releasing large amounts of energy.
The Nautilus is the world's first nuclear submarine. It was the first submarine to reach the North Pole, in 1958. In 1980 it became a Museum.
The use of nuclear energy in modern industry in developed countries is very important for process improvement, for measurement and automation, and for quality control.
Nuclear medicine is used in most hospitals using radiochemical laboratory methods for diagnosis and investigation of a wide variety of diseases.
In nuclear medicine, a certain radionuclide is administered to the patient, with the aim of investigating a specific physiological phenomenon.
Radiation therapy is a specialty of nuclear medicine that uses ionizing radiation to treat malignant tumors. The treatments can be performed by tele therapy and brachytherapy.
Teletherapy, teleradiotherapie or long-distance irradiation, including external percutaneous irradiation, is the most common form of radiotherapy in nuclear medicine.
Radiology is a medical specialty that tries to assist in the diagnosis and prognosis of health and disease states through the use of production technologies and image analysis.
A nuclear stress test is a test that allows doctors to see images of your heart using a radioactive dye.
Within the nuclear isotope techniques exist that allow work to improve the environment in problems like the greenhouse effect, water pollution, control of insects and other pests.
Energy is the ability of a physical system to produce work. There are different types of energy such as nuclear, kinetic or electric.
- Types of Energy
Description of the main types of nuclear energy. Classification by its nature and by its origin. Renewable and non-renewable energies.
Thermal energy is the result of the movement of particles called molecules and atoms. It can be transmitted by radiation, conduction, and convection in form of heat.
Atomic energy is the energy that holds together neutrons and protons in the nuclei of atoms. Operation of an atomic power station.
Kinetic energy is the energy contained in a body due to being in motion. Kinetic energy can be lineal or rotational.
The mechanical energy of a body is the sum of its energies, kinetic and potential. It is related to the movement of bodies and mechanical forces.
Discover different examples related to mechanical energy and the principle of conservation of energy.
Potential energy is the energy that an object possesses due to its position in a force field or that a system has due to the configuration of its parts
- Types of Potential Energy
The potential energy of a body can manifest itself in different ways. We describe the types of potential energy with examples.
Chemical energy is the energy that comes from the chemical change of a substance through a chemical reaction or from being transformed into other chemical substances.
Electric energy is the difference in potential between two points. Electric energy is of vital importance, among others, it allows the transport of electricity.
Learn how electricity is generated. Differences between the different forms of electricity generation. Nuclear energy, thermal power plants and renewable energies.
- Power Stations
Power plants are facilities to transform some type of energy into electricity. Types of plants and operation.
Renewables use a considered inexhaustible energy source or easily regenerable. Major: solar, wind, hydro, tidal, and geothermal biomassa.
Non-renewable energies are energies generated from non-renewable resources; mainly fossil fuels, nuclear fuels and biofuels.
The watt is the unit to express any type of power. One watt (W) equals the energy transferred of one joule (J) per second (s).
Currently, 11% of the world's energy is generated through nuclear energy—a list of countries over the world that are using this technology.
- Nuclear Power Plants by Country
Location and brief description of nuclear power plants in the world. The plants are claified by country.
- Nuclear power plants in Spain
- Nuclear power plants in Chile
- Nuclear power plants in Argentina
- Nuclear power plants in Mexico
- Nuclear power plants in Brazil
- Nuclear power plants in France
- Nuclear power plants in Sweden
- Nuclear power plants in Russian Federation
- Nuclear power plants in United States
- Nuclear power plants in Armenia
- Nuclear power plants in Abu Dhabi
- Nuclear power plants in United Kingdom
- Nuclear power plants in Switzerland
- Nuclear power plants in Germany
- Nuclear power plants in Kazakhstan
- Nuclear power plants in Slovak Republic
- Nuclear power plants in Netherlands
- Nuclear power plants in Belgium
- Nuclear power plants in Canada
- Nuclear power plants in Iran
- Nuclear power plants in Italy
- Nuclear power plants in Romania
- Nuclear power plants in China, mainland
- Nuclear power plants in Pakistan
- Nuclear power plants in Ukraine
- Nuclear power plants in Taiwan
- Nuclear power plants in Czech Republic
- Nuclear power plants in Japan
- Nuclear power plants in Lithuania
- Nuclear power plants in India
- Nuclear power plants in South Africa
- Nuclear power plants in Korea RO (South)
- Nuclear power plants in Bulgaria
- Nuclear power plants in Slovenia
- Nuclear power plants in Finland
- Nuclear power plants in Hungary
The development of nuclear power in Mexico. The construction of the first nuclear plants. Mexico's nuclear capability. Waste management.
Argentina is one of the countries that have opted for nuclear energy. It currently has three nuclear reactors for the production of electrical energy.
France ranks first worldwide in nuclear energy production by population density. Currently operating 19 nuclear power plants with 58 reactors.
Situation of nuclear power in Spain. History of nuclear energy in Spain and their evolution over time.
- Nuclear Moratorium
The nuclear moratorium meant the blockade of 5 nuclear power plant projects of the 7 that had been approved (and some initiated) in Spain.
Situation of nuclear energy in Chile. History and development of nuclear energy in Chile and its evolution over time.
Perspectives India has become a world leader in nuclear technology. Your goal is to reach 25% of electricity by nuclear power in 2050.
Nuclear energy in Brazil provides 3% of the country's electricity production. It has two nuclear power plants in operation Angra 1 and 2.
Canada has 18 nuclear reactors operating in the country, principally located in Ontario. All of them use CANDU reactors, a type of reactor designed in Canada.
Blog about nuclear energy. Find here interesting articles, opinions and studies that help you better understand the world of nuclear energy.
- Is Nuclear Energy Renewable or Non-renewable?
Find out why nuclear energy is considered a non-renewable source. Why is it different from fossil fuels?
If you have a blog, there are alternatives to monetize your visits. Find out how Ezoic can help you make your ad network more profitable.
A chemical element is a collection of atoms with the same charge of atomic nuclei. The atomic nucleus consists of protons and neutrons.
Discover the many advantages offered by nuclear power plants to generate electricity from an environmental point of view and from an economic point of view.
The conservation law states that, although energy can be transformed and converted from one form to another, the total amount of it in an isolated system does not change over time.
Molecule definition What types of molecule exist. Formation of macromolecules. Characteristics and existing molecular models.
Thermodynamics is the branch of classical physics that studies thermodynamic transformations induced by heat and work in a system.
- Temperature Sensor
A temperature sensor is a device that measures temperature through electrical signals. Find out what they are used for and what type they can be.
Radioactivity was discovered by Becquerel almost occasionally when conducting research on fluorescence. Becquerel discovered that uranium spontaneously emitted mysterious radiation.
Learn how nuclear accidents are classified. What types of nuclear disaster can occur and what criteria are followed to define the severity of these events.
During the year 2019, among the seven Spanish nuclear reactors they produced 55,843 GWh, which reaches almost 22% of the total electricity produced in Spain.
Can we have cheaper light with nuclear energy? Here we explain everything you need to know about it!
Nuclear energy is today a source of electrical production that does not produce greenhouse gases and also allows electricity rates to be cheap.
A hypothetical computer attack on a nuclear power plant could be possible, but very complicated and unlikely. The administrative and management computer systems in a nuclear power plant are physically separated from those in charge of operations.