Ulm, 14 March 1879 -Princeton, New Jersey, April 18, 1955
Albert Einstein was a German physicist.
In 1900 he obtained Swiss citizenship in 1940 and passed the American port. Einstein was educated in Switzerland and Munich, doctorate in 1905 in Zurich. He studied music being a notable interpreter of violin. 1909 found place in education at the University of Zurich (during 1902-09 Albert Einstein was a patent office clerk in Bern); 1911 moved to Prague in 1912 at the Polytechnic School in Zurich, and in 1913 at the University of Berlin; directed the Kaiser Wilhelm Physical Institute and was a member of the Prussian Academy of Sciences.
The first works published by Einstein dated 1905 (as Zur Elektrodynamik bewegter Korps, 'On the electrodynamics of moving bodies), four of which are dedicated to -the mathematical analysis of Brownian motion, the photoelectric effect, in the establishment of the mass-energy equivalence and exposing the foundations of the special theory (or restricted) relativitat- dealing in the special issues that should drive the dramatic and revolutionary shift that has happened to Newtonian conception of the physical world to the geometric spatio-built modern physics.
During the decade 1910-20 he worked to generalize their initial relativistic theory, and its efforts to include a theory of the gravitational field succeeded in 1916 he published the famous theory of relativity (Die Grundlagen der Allgemeinen Relativitätstheorie; 'the foundations of the theory of general relativity). In 1921 he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics for his work on the photoelectric effect.
In 1933, for the Jew, was forced into exile from Germany and settled in Princeton, where he was a member of the Institute for Advanced Study, where he lived until his death, working in general theory of relativity, the unified field theory, which includes both gravitational and electromagnetic phenomena, and critical discussions about fisicofilosòfiques interpretations of quantum theory. In 1939, President Roosevelt warned in a famous letter, Germany anticipates the danger that US research on nuclear, which motivated the creation of the Manhattan Project. However, he was active in pacifism.
Einstein is one of the most representative figures of the scientific process of s. XX, and his personality has exceeded the purely scientific field to become a symbol.
Last review: December 15, 2014