# What is a simple machine? tipus, function and examples

A simple machine is a mechanical device that uses force and motion to do work. They are basic tools used to multiply or change the direction of an applied force, making it easier to do work.

There are six main types of simple machines: the lever, the pulley, the wheel and axle, the inclined plane, the wedge, and the screw. Each type of simple machine uses an applied force to do a specific job, such as lifting a heavy object, moving a load, or dividing an object into two parts.

Many tools and devices use these types of machines in their designs. Understanding these kinds of machines is fundamental to engineering and technology, and has been instrumental in creating most of the inventions and devices we use today.

Simple machines are located within the field of mechanics in physics, especially within the branch of mechanics that focuses on the kinematics and dynamics of moving objects and the physical principles that govern them.

## What is the function of a simple machine?

Simple machines are used to do larger jobs or to make it easier to do jobs that would be difficult or impossible to do on their own. Some of the functions of simple machines are:

1. Multiply Force: Simple machines such as the lever, winch, and hydraulic jack are used to multiply the applied force. By applying a small force at one end of the machine, a much larger force can be produced at the other end.

2. Changing the direction of force: Some of these machines are used to change the direction of an applied force. For example, a pulley can be used to lift a heavy load up instead of pushing it up.

3. Modify speed: The inclined plane and the wedge are two types of machines that are used to modify the speed of a moving object. For example, an inclined plane can be used to slow down a downward moving object.

## Types of simple machines

There are six main types of simple machines:

1. The lever: consists of a rigid bar that rotates around a fulcrum or pivot point (also known as the fulcrum). The lever is used to multiply the applied force, change the direction of the force, or increase the distance through which the force is applied.

2. The inclined plane: is an inclined surface that is used to raise objects to a height greater than the height of the surrounding flat surface. The inclined plane is used to reduce the amount of force required to lift a heavy object.

3. The pulley: it is a wheel with a groove on its edge that is used to lift heavy objects. Pulleys are used to change the direction of the applied force and to multiply the applied force.

4. The screw: it is a cylindrical bar with a thread on its surface that is used to hold objects and move them. Screws are used to multiply the applied force and to transform rotary motion into linear motion.

5. The wedge: it is a triangular object with a wide base and a sharp point that is used to separate objects. Wedges are used to multiply the applied force and to change the direction of the applied force.

6. The hydraulic judge: it is a device that uses an incompressible liquid to transmit force from one point to another. The hydraulic judge is used to multiply the applied force and to change the direction of the applied force.

## Examples of simple machines

Here are some common examples of simple machines and how they are used:

1. Lever: scissors, pliers, claw hammer, a spanner, a bottle opener, and a seesaw.

2. Inclined plane: ramps, stairs, slides, and a road ditch.

3. Pulley: cranes, hoists, curtains, clothes hanging on a washing line, and a ceiling fan.

4. Screw: A screw used to fix objects or a mechanical jack used to lift a car.

5. Wedge: knives, axes, wooden wedges for splitting logs, and nails.

6. Hydraulic judge: hydraulic jacks, disc brakes in a car, hydraulic steering systems, and the braking systems of aircraft.

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Data de publicació: May 14, 2023
Última revisió: May 14, 2023