Applications of nuclear technology
The main use of nuclear energy is the production of electric energy. Nuclear power plants are responsible for generating electricity. Nuclear fission reactors are generated in the nuclear reactors of the nuclear power plants. With these reactions thermal energy is obtained which will be transformed into mechanical energy and later into electrical energy.
However, there are many other applications where nuclear technology is used directly or indirectly.
Working with different isotopes of the same element, nuclear technology can be used for other applications in various fields:
Industrial applications of nuclear technology
Nuclear technology is of great importance in the industrial sector, specifically used in the development and improvement of processes, for measurements, automation and quality control.
Used as a prerequisite for the complete automation of high-speed production lines, and applies to process research, mixing, maintenance and study of wear and corrosion of plant and machinery.
Nuclear technology is also used in the manufacture of plastics and in the sterilization of disposable products.
Military applications, nuclear weapons
A weapon is an instrument used to attack or defend itself. Nuclear weapons are those weapons that use nuclear technology. Depending on the role of nuclear technology in the weapon, two types of nuclear weapons differ: those that use nuclear energy to exploit, such as the atomic bomb, and those that use nuclear technology to propel. This second category includes cruises, aircraft carriers, submarines ...
One in three patients who go to a hospital in an industrialized country receive the benefits of some kind of nuclear medicine procedure. Radiopharmaceuticals are used, such as radiotherapy for the treatment of malignant tumors, teletherapy for oncological treatment or radiological biology that allows the sterilization of medical products.
Applications in agriculture of nuclear technology
The application of isotopes to agriculture has made it possible to increase agricultural production in the least developed countries.
Nuclear technology is very useful in controlling insect pests, maximizing water resources, improving crop varieties or establishing the conditions necessary to optimize the efficiency of fertilizers and Water.
Application of nuclear technology to food
As for food, nuclear techniques play a key role in food preservation.
The application of isotopes allows a significant increase in the conservation of food. At present, more than 35 countries allow the irradiation of some foods.
Environmental applications of nuclear technology
The application of isotopes makes it possible to determine the exact quantities of pollutants and places where they are present and their causes. In addition, electron beam treatment reduces the environmental and health consequences of large-scale use of fossil fuels, and contributes more effectively than other techniques to solving problems such as "the greenhouse effect" And acid rain.
Other applications of nuclear technology
Like dating, which uses the properties of carbon-14 fixation to bones, woods or organic waste, determining their chronological age, and the uses in Geophysics and Geochemistry, that take advantage of the existence of natural radioactive materials for the fixation of the Dates of deposits of rocks, coal or oil.
Other applications of nuclear technology occur in disciplines such as hydrology, mining or space industry.
Last review: November 11, 2016